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2010年5月2日 星期日

職業舊名稱

職業舊名稱

今次數的不是香港已失傳的古老行業,而是數一些現今仍存在的行業,不過它的「舊名稱」新一代已經不會再使用,甚至不認識。如果 閣下未聽過以下十個名稱,咁 閣下一定是年輕新一代了。

第十位:火燭鬼
香港人稱火警為「火燭」,取「祝融」中的「祝」字諧音。香港成為英國殖民地後,所有政府部門由英國人接管,消防署的消防隊目都是英國人(英國鬼),消防員中亦有許多印度人(印度鬼)。所以稱消防員為「火燭鬼」。加上那時候貪污情況嚴重,即使有火警,要先付錢給消防隊目才會開水救火,所以當時的消防員的形象甚差,所有稱消防員為「火燭鬼」,當中的「鬼」是個貶詞。

第九位:伙頭大將軍
廚師被稱「伙頭大將軍」,相傳是來自一個歷史故事:唐朝,薛仁貴三次投軍,都被投閒置散,只在軍營擔任伙頭之職,燒飯煮菜。其後唐太宗李世民被蓋蘇追殺,危急之中,得薛仁貴出手相救,被唐太宗封為「兵馬大元帥」,帶兵東征高麗,屢立戰功。這個民間故事就是《薛仁貴征東》。後人就薛仁貴由廚子封為領軍統帥這一事蹟,稱廚師為「伙頭大將軍」。
而現在稱廚師做「大廚」、「後鑊」、「揸鑊鏟」。

第八位:爬格子
舊時社會用「爬格子」來稱呼為生活或商業利益而寫文字的寫手、自由撰稿員、等專業寫作人士。「爬格子」所「爬」的「格子」,是指原稿紙上的一格格。發展到今天,相信除了不懂使用電腦的老一輩作家外,已沒有甚麼人會在原稿紙上寫稿;改為在電腦鍵盤上「霹靂啪嘞」,沒格可爬;難怪「爬格子」這名稱會遭到社會淘汰。代之是「文字工作者」。

第七位:大國手
舊社會稱各科的醫生為「國手」,如果醫術高明到堪稱為一國之冠,便會稱他為「大國手」。為什麼叫「大國手」呢?因為古代帝王的御醫,替皇帝診治,掌握皇帝生命,自然連國家的存亡,也掌握在御醫手上。而御醫的醫術按道理應該是國內最頂尖的,所以稱他為「大國手」。
而現在叫醫生做「醫生」或「Doctor」。

第六位:鐵腳馬眼神仙肚
上一代稱記者做鐵腳馬眼神仙肚,從事新聞採訪和報導工作的記者要有超乎常人的體力意志力。記者最主要的工作:就是趕到事件發生的現場,接觸新聞事件的當事人,不眠不休找尋線索,並將事情真相,透過媒體報導呈現在大眾面前。所以稱讚記者擁有不疲倦的鐵腳、不打睏的馬眼、不飢餓的神仙肚。是對記者一種敬業樂業的美譽。時至今日,因為記者愛老作、炒作新聞成風,不盡不實。難怪這美譽被淘汰。代之是「新聞工作者」、「媒體工作者」。

第五位:二叔公
經營押物貸款的當舖,俗稱叫二叔公。廣東人俗稱「二叔公」的來源,據說舊日鄉下人遇上周轉不靈時,便向「隔籬二叔公」(鄰舍)舉貸,江湖救急。二叔公雖予幫忙,但或多或少也要拿下抵押,流傳下來,便稱去當舖為揾「二叔公」。香港戰後初期,當舖甚多,一般人居住地方狹窄,租住一個小房間。為了省位置,一到夏天,便把棉被拿往當舖押放,待冬天才贖回。後來香港經濟起飛,當舖才逐漸減少,二叔公退休後,取而代之是財務信貸公司。

第四位:飛天蠄蟧
「蠄蟧」中的「蠄」,解作細小昆蟲。「蟧」指螺或者細蟬。「蠄蟧」指那些外表好像蜘蛛嘅小生物。四字詞「蠄蟧絲網」指的是蜘蛛結網。而舊社會所講的「飛天蠄蟧」便是指飛賊,他們擁有飛簷走壁既技能,就好似蜘蛛一樣,懂得爬牆、爬水渠、爬竹棚、爬燈柱。潛入屋後,進行爆竊。現在「飛天蠄蟧」買少見少,情況跟「文雀」(扖手)和「樑上君子」(小偷)一樣,逐漸式微。

第三位:大頭綠衣
香港成為英國殖民地後,警察多由印度人擔任。當時警察制服是綠色,頭上戴一頂大帽。這個就是「大頭綠衣」的意思。古老兒歌:「ABCD,大頭綠衣,捉賊唔到,吹BB!」警隊聘用懂英語的印度人來當警察,這就是英文「ABCD」的意思。警察綠色的制服加上頭上一頂大帽,就是「大頭綠衣」的意思。而警察捉賊時,會以「吹BB」或「吹銀雞」(吹哨子)來通知其他警員前來增援。這就是「捉賊唔到,吹BB」的意思。
而今天多叫警察做「阿sir」、「龜」、「差佬」、「皇氣」、「警務人員」。

第二位:人之患
舊社會以「人之患」稱呼為人師表的老師。出自《孟子‧離婁上》的「人之患,在好為人師」。意思是:「好為人師」者,以教人者自居,喜歡充當別人的老師,是極不謙虛的表現,阻礙自己的進步。因此,上一代用了這「好為人師」的「人之患」來稱呼老師這職業。而「執教鞭」也是另一個舊稱謂。
如今則叫老師做「阿Sir、阿Miss」、「教書」、「教育工作者」。

第一位:北斗星
社會工作者所以被冠以「北斗星」的稱譽,因為社工為處於人生困難的受助者提供一點光芒、予以引路。引導「迷失者」行回正確的方向。迷途的人一見到「北斗星」就知道方向。大眾對社工的集體回憶,不能不提無線電視1976年一齣電視劇集《北斗星》。劇中劉松仁飾演的社工角色,成為當時市民心目中社工的典範。《北斗星》劇集的播出,確定社工的形象,影響至今時今日。


* 以上內容從Yahoo知識中整理而成 *

我細細個睇《北斗星》,都幻想過大個要做社工,及後看過電影《癲佬正傳》,睇到戲中當社工的馮粹帆遭癲佬梁朝偉斬死後,我當北斗星的念頭便沒有了。只好間中聽吓Simply Red的《Stars》啦。




Stars – Simply Red

Anyone who ever held you
Would tell you the way I'm feeling
Anyone who ever wanted you
Would try to tell you what I feel inside
The only thing I ever wanted
Was the feeling that you ain't faking
The only one you ever thought about
Wait a minute can't you see that I

I wanna fall from the stars
Straight into your arms
I, I feel you
I hope you comprehend

For the man who tried to hurt you
He's explaining the way I'm feeling
For all the jealousy I caused you
States the reason why I'm trying to hide
As for all the things you taught me
It sends my future into clearer dimensions
You'll never know how much you hurt me
Stay a minute can't you see that I

I wanna fall from the stars
Straight into your arms
I, I feel you
I hope you comprehend

Too many hearts are broken
A lover's promise never came with a maybe
So many words are left unspoken
The silent voices are driving me crazy
As for all the pain you caused me
Making up could never be your intention
You'll never know how much you hurt me
Stay can't you see that I

I wanna fall from the stars
Straight into your arms
I, I feel you
I hope you comprehend

30 則留言:

  1. 一睇啲舊名就知係講邊行,我都要應老囉!不過我唔知依家啲人叫警察做「龜」。

    當年嘅『鐵腳馬眼神仙肚』係美譽,家陣就有一班「狗仔隊」。

    相入面間鞋舖係咪無記駱小姐開㗎?

    回覆刪除
  2. 卡臣:

    我唔明點解日本鹹片的女主角叫「AV女優」?可否解釋一下?嘻嘻!

    回覆刪除
  3. Tee

    多謝留言先

    呢隻90年代的歌
    我而家聽返
    都背到哂啲歌詞

    ++++

    歪歪

    叫警察做「龜」
    我在80年代聽到
    因警察的制服是綠色
    (像龜)


    間榮華鞋舖係咪無記駱小姐開?
    呢吓我get唔到呀brother

    +++

    佛爺

    咪玩啦
    AV女優?
    係人都知點解啦

    問都問過第二條深啲啦

    回覆刪除
  4. 『間榮華鞋舖係咪無記駱小姐開?』

    門牌係「陸貳零」呀嘛。

    回覆刪除
  5. 歪歪

    果然觀察力強
    小心在細節

    連我都無留意到

    佩服

    回覆刪除
  6. 北斗星 ? 係咪劉松仁果套呀 ? 我當年都同樣諗過做社工架 !
    記者仲有個好好聽既名, "無冕天使"
    :)

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  7. 係呀,社工就算唔畀人斬死,都會畀人淋漒水,就算唔淋漒水,都畀d老鬼玩殘,你唔入行實在係一個明智抉擇...
    (話時話,除左咁多年前有戲講過社工之外,仲有無?!)

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  8. 我是路過的, 但o係癲佬正傳入面, 斬死馮粹帆o個個唔係梁朝偉咩?

    回覆刪除
  9. kateyip

    多謝提供「無冕天使」

    回妳三個:

    「沙漠老鼠」= 沙灘扖手
    「行街」= 外出見客的營業代表
    「啄地」= 妓女

    +++

    瑤姑

    除咗「北斗星」同「癲佬正傳」外
    好似仲有「性工作者2」中,
    森美是演社工

    +++

    路過

    多謝指正
    已改

    回覆刪除
  10. 第一次聽人講量地官,仲以為好高薪好好添。差啲要恭喜人。哈哈。

    回覆刪除
  11. eric

    哈哈
    我都以為「上網輔導員」要有電腦知識
    原來係....

    回覆刪除
  12. 『因警察的制服是綠色
    (像龜)』

    哦!原來係咁,同樣係海產嘅警察叫「白鮓」。

    講開「白」,仲有「白衣天使」呢個陳年稱呼,同「大國手」一齊工作。

    回覆刪除
  13. 歪歪

    多謝提供

    回你兩個

    「赤腳大夫」= 黑市醫生
    「烏鼠」= 大陸來港犯案的人

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  14. 睇到「赤腳大夫」就諗起「黃綠醫生」

    回覆刪除
  15. eric

    「黃綠醫生」
    一講起綠色醫生
    我諗起Hulk

    回覆刪除
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